art. 指已提到的人（物）; 指说话人与听者已知的人（物）; 用于独一无二的事物前; 与形容词最高级和序数词连用
You use the at the beginning of noun groups to refer to someone or something that you have already mentioned or identified.
A waiter came and hovered. John caught my look and we both got up and, ignoring the waiter, made our way to the buffet...
Six of the 38 people were Russian citizens.
38 个人中有 6 个是俄罗斯公民。
You use the at the beginning of a noun group when the first noun is followed by an 'of' phrase or a clause which identifies the person or thing.
There has been a slight increase in the consumption of meat...
Of the 9,660 cases processed last year, only 10 per cent were totally rejected.
去年受理的 9,660 宗案件中，只有 10% 被完全驳回。
You use the in front of some nouns that refer to something in our general experience of the world.
It's always hard to speculate about the future...
Amy sat outside in the sun...
You use the in front of nouns that refer to people, things, services, or institutions that are associated with everyday life.
The doctor's on his way...
Who was that on the phone?...
You use the instead of a possessive determiner, especially when you are talking about a part of someone's body or a member of their family.
'How's the family?' — 'Just fine, thank you.'...
I patted him on the head...
You use the in front of a singular noun when you want to make a general statement about things or people of that type.
An area in which the computer has made considerable strides in recent years is in playing chess...
After dogs, the horse has had the closest relationship with man.
You use the with the name of a musical instrument when you are talking about someone's ability to play the instrument.
Did you play the piano as a child?...
She was trying to teach him to play the guitar.
You use the with nationality adjectives and nouns to talk about the people who live in a country.
The Japanese, Americans, and even the French and Germans, judge economic policies by results.
You use the with words such as 'rich', 'poor', 'old', or 'unemployed' to refer to all people of a particular type.
Conditions for the poor in Los Angeles have not improved.
...care for the elderly and the disabled.
If you want to refer to a whole family or to a married couple, you can make their surname into a plural and use the in front of it.
...a 400 acre farm owned by the Allens...
艾伦家的一个面积为 400 英亩的农场
The Taylors decided that they would employ an architect to do the work.
You use the in front of an adjective when you are referring to a particular thing that is described by that adjective.
He knows he's wishing for the impossible...
I thought you might like to read the enclosed.
You use the to indicate that you have enough of the thing mentioned for a particular purpose.
She may not have the money to maintain or restore her property...
We must have the patience to continue to work until we will find a peaceful solution...
You use the with some titles, place names, and other names.
The company was alleged to have leaked the news to the Daily Mail.
...the Albert Hall...
You use the in front of numbers such as first, second, and third.
The meeting should take place on the fifth of May...
会议将会于 5 月 5 日举行。
Marco Polo is said to have sailed on the Pacific on his way to Java in the thirteenth century...
You use the in front of numbers when they refer to decades.
It's sometimes hard to imagine how bad things were in the thirties.
有时很难想象 30 年代的日子有多么困难。
You use the in front of superlative adjectives and adverbs.
Brisk daily walks are still the best exercise for young and old alike...
The Mayor of West Berlin described the Germans as the happiest people in the world...
You use the in front of each of two comparative adjectives or adverbs when you are describing how one amount or quality changes in relation to another.
The longer you have been in shape in the past, the quicker you will regain fitness in future...
The more confidence you build up in yourself, the greater are your chances of success.
When you express rates, prices, and measurements, you can use the to say how many units apply to each of the items being measured.
New Japanese cars averaged 13 km to the litre in 1981...
1981 年，新型的日产汽车平均每升汽油能跑 13 千米。
Some analysts predicted that the exchange rate would soon be $2 to the pound.
You use the to indicate that something or someone is the most famous, important, or best thing of its kind. In spoken English, you put more stress on it, and in written English, you often underline it or write it in capitals or italics.
Camden Market is the place to be on a Saturday or Sunday...
'Olympia is in America, where K Records was founded.' — 'No! Surely you don't mean THE K Records?'
“奥林匹亚在美国，K 唱片公司就是在那里创立的。”——“不可能！你不会指那个大名鼎鼎的 K 唱片公司吧？”
The best thing to do when entering unknown territory is smile.
The world breaks everyone, and afterward, many are stronger at the broken places.
Carpe diem. Seize the day, boys. Make your lives extraordinary.
When life gets hard and you want to give up, remember that life is full of ups and downs, and without the downs, the ups would mean nothing.
The happiest are not those who own all the best things, but those who can appreciate the beauty of life.