n. 比赛; 游戏; 戏剧
v. 玩; 演奏，播放; 扮演，装扮; 参加比赛
When children, animals, or perhaps adults play, they spend time doing enjoyable things, such as using toys and taking part in games.
...invite the children round to play...
They played in the little garden...
When you play a sport, game, or match, you take part in it.
While the twins played cards, Francis sat reading...
Alain was playing cards with his friends...
When one person or team plays another or plays against them, they compete against them in a sport or game.
Northern Ireland will play Latvia...
I've played against him a few times.
When you play the ball or play a shot in a game or sport, you kick or hit the ball.
Think first before playing the ball...
Sikander Bakht played a bad shot...
If you play a joke or a trick on someone, you deceive them or give them a surprise in a way that you think is funny, but that often causes problems for them or annoys them.
Someone had played a trick on her, stretched a piece of string at the top of those steps...
I thought: 'This cannot be happening, somebody must be playing a joke'.
If you play with an object or with your hair, you keep moving it or touching it with your fingers, perhaps because you are bored or nervous.
She stared at the floor, idly playing with the strap of her handbag.
A play is a piece of writing which is performed in a theatre, on the radio, or on television.
The company put on a play about the homeless...
It's my favourite Shakespeare play.
If an actor plays a role or character in a play or film, he or she performs the part of that character.
...Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, in which he played Hyde...
His ambition is to play the part of Dracula.
You can use play to describe how someone behaves, when they are deliberately behaving in a certain way or like a certain type of person. For example, to play the innocent, means to pretend to be innocent, and to play deaf means to pretend not to hear something.
Hill tried to play the peacemaker...
She was just playing the devoted mother...
You can describe how someone deals with a situation by saying that they play it in a certain way. For example, if someone plays it cool, they keep calm and do not show much emotion, and if someone plays it straight, they behave in an honest and direct way.
Investors are playing it cautious, and they're playing it smart.
If you play a musical instrument or play a tune on a musical instrument, or if a musical instrument plays, music is produced from it.
Nina had been playing the piano...
Two people played jazz on a piano...
If you play a record, a CD, or a tape, you put it into a machine and sound is produced. If a record, CD, or tape is playing, sound is being produced from it.
She played her records too loudly...
Every evening in those days the BBC played 'God Save The King'...
If a musician or group of musicians plays or plays a concert, they perform music for people to listen or dance to.
A band was playing...
He will play concerts in Amsterdam and Paris.
When light plays somewhere, it moves about on a surface in an unsteady way.
The sun played on the frosty roofs.
If you ask what someone is playing at, you are angry because you think they are doing something stupid or wrong.
What the hell are you playing at?
When something comes into play or is brought into play, it begins to be used or to have an effect.
The real existence of a military option will come into play...
Breathing brings many muscles into play.
If something or someone plays a part or plays a role in a situation, they are involved in it and have an effect on it.
They played a part in the life of their community...
The UN would play a major role in monitoring a ceasefire.
1. a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage;
2. a theatrical performance of a drama;
3. a preset plan of action in team sports;
4. a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill;
5. a state in which action is feasible;
6. utilization or exercise;
7. an attempt to get something;
8. play by children that is guided more by imagination than by fixed rules;
9. (in games or plays or other performances) the time during which play proceeds;
10. the removal of constraints;
11. a weak and tremulous light;
12. verbal wit (often at another's expense but not to be taken seriously);
13. movement or space for movement;
14. gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusement;
15. the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize);
16. the activity of doing something in an agreed succession;
17. the act using a sword (or other weapon) vigorously and skillfully
1. participate in games or sport;
2. act or have an effect in a specified way or with a specific effect or outcome;
3. play on an instrument;
4. play a role or part;
5. be at play; be engaged in playful activity; amuse oneself in a way characteristic of children;
6. replay (as a melody);
7. perform music on (a musical instrument);
8. pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;
9. move or seem to move quickly, lightly, or irregularly;
10. bet or wager (money);
11. engage in recreational activities rather than work; occupy oneself in a diversion;
12. pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity;
13. emit recorded sound;
14. perform on a certain location;
15. put (a card or piece) into play during a game, or act strategically as if in a card game;
16. engage in an activity as if it were a game rather than take it seriously;
17. behave in a certain way;
18. cause to emit recorded sounds;
19. manipulate manually or in one's mind or imagination;
20. use to one's advantage;
21. consider not very seriously;
22. be received or accepted or interpreted in a specific way;
23. behave carelessly or indifferently;
24. cause to move or operate freely within a bounded space;
25. perform on a stage or theater;
26. be performed;
27. cause to happen or to occur as a consequence;
28. discharge or direct or be discharged or directed as if in a continuous stream;
29. make bets;
30. stake on the outcome of an issue;
31. shoot or hit in a particular manner;
32. use or move;
33. employ in a game or in a specific position;
34. contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle;
35. exhaust by allowing to pull on the line;
play along 【非正式用语】
play on 或 play upon
make a play for
make (great) play of (或 with)
make play with
not playing with a full deck
play something by ear
He disillusioned his fans by his sloppy play.
She seems to have camped up at the third act of the play.
The play is in rehearsal now.
The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.
He has written a fine preface to the play.